Thursday, March 31, 2011

Descartes, Haydn & The Eiffel Tower

King Henry II of France was born on March the 31st 1519  at the Chateau de Saint Germain en Laye.

The great philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes was born in the Indre et Loire on this day in 1596. He spent two years in Paris studying mathematics during which time he met members of influential Parisian society. He began a law degree but chose instead to leave for the Netherlands and volunteer in the Dutch Army. Image courtesy of Wikipedia and on display in the Louvre:

His famous A Discourse on Method, Meditations on First Philosophy was published in 1637. Again here courtesy of Wikipedia :

John Harrison was baptised on March the 31st 1693 in Foulby Yorkshire. There is more information on Harrison here from the National Maritime Museum.

The composer Joseph Haydn was born on March the 31st 1732.

On this day in 1889 the Eiffel Tower was dedicated, as a monument to the passing of a hundred years since the French Revolution. The link I've included is slightly the Eiffel Tower website.

The Saint with a Feast Day is Saint Benjamin.

This recipe for a Spring casserole sounds just right for today.

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Goya, Anna Sewell, Van Gogh & Alaska

The American surgeon Dr Crawford Long first used diethyl either as an anaesthetic during an operation to remove a tumour on March the 30th 1842. In the United States National Doctors Day is celebrated in his honour.

Vincent van Gogh was born on this day in 1853 in Holland. He would go on to join his brother Theo,  a gallery curator in Paris, where he encountered numerous Impressionist artists, including Gaugin. He later relocated to Arles but was troubled throughout his short life by lack of confidence and mental illness. I love Van Gogh and have trouble selecting one of his paintings to illlustrate his birthday, in the end I went for this beautiful image, Starry Night courtesy of Wikipedia from The Museum of Modern Art in New York:

On March the 30th 1867 the United States signed an agreement to buy Alaska from Russia for $7,000,000. Thanks as ever to Wikipedia here is the cheque:

Anna Sewell and Paul Verlaine were both born on this day - 1820 and 1844.

Today is the Feast day of Saint Fergus.

I had the idea of making a fish soup. I was thinking of the various options - looking at The Colossus put me in a Spanish frame of mind - I found this from River Cottage.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Thomas Coram, Coca Cola & Christopher Lambert

On this day in 1461 Edward of York would defeat Queen Margaret at Towton in Yorkshire and go on to be crowned Edward IV.

I seem to be on quite a roll coming across birthdays and anniversaries of historical figures that are of huge personal significance to me. Today is another whopper, a huge one. I have actually been researching this man for some time as London's Foundling Museum, formerly the Foundling Hospital, features in my work and there is a chapter named after its' founder Thomas Coram. As it is now known The Thomas Coram Foundation for Children was the first children's charity in Britain, established by Royal Charter in 1739. You can follow the Foundation on Facebook and Twitter.

Thomas Coram, was born in Lyme Regis in 1668. The Wikipedia entry for the year states he was born on March the 29th - there may be some ambiguity however; he died on March the 29th 1751. Again I have the slight issue with where to start where to stop. He spent his early years in America and upon his return to Britain was horrified to see the conditions in which the poor were living. He lobbied peers, friends - including Handel and Hogarth and Parliament and finally a Royal Charter was granted in 1739 by George II to create the hospital. If you are in London and have a chance to visit The Foundling Museum it really is well worth it. Here a portrait by Hogarth of Coram from 1740 - courtesy of Wikipedia and on display at The Foundling Museum.

On March the 29th 1871 the Royal Albert Hall was opened by Queen Victoria in memory of her late husband.

Several sources state that on this day in 1886 John Pemberton created his 'brain tonic' Coca Cola. I found this from the Wikipedia entry on Pemberton :

With public concern about drug addiction, depression and alcoholism among veterans, and "neurasthenia" among "highly-strung" Southern women,[6] his medicinal concoction was advertised as being particularly beneficial for "ladies, and all those whose sedentary employment causes nervous prostration, irregularities of the stomach, bowels and kidneys, who require a nerve tonic and a pure, delightful diffusable stimulant."[7]

7. Extract from Mark Pendergrast : For God, Country and Coca Cola

The British pharmacologist Sir John Robert Vane was born on March 29th 1927. His research and study into prostaglandins and the inhibiting effect of aspirin on inflammation would earn him one third of the Nobel Prize in 1982.

Also with a birthday today are Edwin Lutyens - 1869, Eric Idle - 1943 and for those Highlander fans out there Christopher Lambert, 1957.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Eustace.

I made this last night and it was fabulous : duck breasts with pomegranate.

Monday, March 28, 2011

Bartolommeo, Thomas Clarkson and Three Mile Island

The Italian Renaissance artist Fra Bartolommeo was born on March the 28th 1472 in Tuscany. Known for his paintings of religious subjects, here is a beautiful work, now in the Uffizi.

The Annunciation, courtesy of Wikipedia.

Thomas Clarkson was born on this day in 1760. During his studies at Cambridge he wrote a Latin eassy  discussing whether it was lawful to make slaves of others against their will. The essay won an award and would define his work thereafter. He met Granville Sharpe and other abolitionists and was instrumental in the creation and passing of the Bill For the Abolition of Slavery in 1807.

Image courtesy of Suffolk Record Office.

He is a central figure in this work by Benjamin Haydon in the National Portrait Gallery. William Wordsworth wrote this sonnet to Clarkson.

On March the 28th 1797 Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patented the washing machine

On this day in 1979 an accident occurred at Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Middleton, Pennsylvania, leading to a partial reactor meltdown. It is  the largest nuclear accident in US history. I have included a link to a recent BBC article.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint James Caxton, the Blessed.

So I've been in a  major major soup phase, I love making soup and it seems Spring like, to me anyway. I went for two - one favourite  - watercress; number two, slightly more unfamiliar - I've made it a few times - cucumber.

Sunday, March 27, 2011

Charles I, Alfred de Vigny, X Rays & Marlon Brando

Charles I  becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland on this day in 1625.

The educationalist and founder of the Madras System Andrew Bell was born on March the 27th 1753 in St. Andrews.

The novelist and playwright Alfred de Vigny was born on this day in 1797 to an aristocratic family in Loches, France. Here is a link to Henry Wallis's painting  of Chatterton, the inspiration for de Vigny's wonderful play.

The physicist Wilhelm Rontgen was born on March the 27th in Lennep, Germany in 1845. His research into electromagnetic radiation led to his discovery of the X Ray. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901. This amazing image, courtesy of Wikipedia, is  one his first X-Rays - of his wife's hand, taken in 1895.

The first non-direct blood transfusion was performed on this day in 1914 in Brussels.

On March the 27th 1973 Marlon Brando declined his Best Actor Oscar, for The Godfather.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint John of Egypt.

The Tate recently sent by tweet the lovely Small Meadows in  Spring by Sisley - the daffodils are fabulous, the clocks have moved Spring it seems happily to have sprung.

I was cooking a noodle soup the other day, I couldn't find the soy sauce, anywhere. Fortunately I had happy helpers at hand, an adult one was able to whizz to Waitrose and get more. I found it a few days later, in the bathroom cupboard. Why ? How?  The soup was similar to this one.

Saturday, March 26, 2011

Aesop's Fables, Robert Frost, Tennessee Williams & Dr. Spock

March the 26th 1484 saw the first print of William Caxton's translations of Aesop's Fables. I didn't know that until a couple of days ago, I found out when researching today. Bizarrely I have been reading several fables to the children recently - I bought a couple of copies to give as gifts and have sort of  rediscovered them. The more I pursue my day to day fact-finding the more coincidences I encounter. It's fascinating. I've also included a link to the British Library collection of Incunabula - you know the expression you learn something new every day - anyway - also known as 15th Century books produced with moveable type.

The physicist and inventor Benjamin Thompson was born on this day in 1753 in Massachusetts. His study and research into properties of heat would would form part of the revolution in thermodynamics, more reference details here.

On March the 26th 1780 the first Sunday newspaper was printed in the UK - the British Gazette and Sunday Monitor. I wonder what the late Sunday morning breakfast was in 1780...

OK so I've had a good run on the birthdays of people I hugely admire, today is no exception. In fact it is a biggie. On March the 26th 1874 probably my all time favourite poet Robert Frost was born in San Francisco. It's hard for me to know where to start or stop with Robert Frost; since I can remember if I am dithering on a decision these lines pop into my head from The Road Not Taken :

I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages  hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I - 
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.  

A Question

A voice said, Look me in the stars
And tell me truly, men of earth, 
If all the soul-and-body scars
Were not too much to pay for birth 

This wonderful quotation from Frost:  'The best things and best people rise out of their separateness; I'm against a homogenized society because I want the cream to rise.' He read at President John F. Kennedy's Inauguration in 1961, I found this account.

This superb image courtesy of the United States Library of Congress:

From Wikipedia:

I wrote recently of my absolute appreciation for the film adaptation of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. I realised I hadn't looked at anything by him for ages so went and picked up a copy of The Glass Menagerie - another one for my Book Blub - I didn't realise at the time of writing that  Tennessee Williams was born on March the 26th 1911 in Columbus Mississippi. See what I mean about coincidence ?

Leonard Nimoy, Erica Jong and Patrick Suskind all have a birthday today - 1931, 1942 and 1949.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Larissa.

My son loves meringue. I can't stand meringue. I said we could make them today  - what's that thing about confronting phobias....A friend emailed me with an apparently foolproof recipe. Wish me luck.

Another friend mentioned that is is National Cherry Blossom Day in Washington. Fabulous.

Friday, March 25, 2011

Venice, Robert the Bruce, David Lean and Elton John

I read an article recently mentioning the adorable things, quirks of vocabulary children say then at some stage grow out of. I remember most of them but should in truth note them. My daughter for example, when going barefoot say she is 'going in her own feet.' Love it.

Anyway. March the 25th.

The City Of Venice is said to have been founded on this day in 421. The capital of the Veneto region, it stretches across 117 small islands. The founding of the city is said to date back to the dedication of the fisrt church - San Giacomo. Here is a brief history. My thing for old maps shows no signs of abating.

On March the 25th 1306 Robert the Bruce was crowned King of the Scots at Scone near Perth. Here is an image of the Coronation Chair with the Stone of Scone underneath.

We remember a Mr Benjamin French. On March the 25th 1807 the world's first Passenger Railway had its first outing. It was a four wheeled horse drawn dandy and ran from Swansea to Oystermouth.

OK mini-rant here. David Lean was born on this day in 1908 in Croydon. His list of films is extraordinary and comprehensive but to mention a few of my absolute favourites - Lawrence of Arabia, Dr Zhivago and A Passage to India. Have a look at this fabulous article from The New Yorker. Also this from the BFI.

Gloria Steinem, Elton John and Aretha Franklin have a birthday today - 1934, 1942 and 1947.

Today is the celebration throughout the Christian Church of the Feast of the Annunciation - the celebration of the announcement by the Angel Gabriel to Mary that she would give birth to Jesus. Today is also known as Lady Day. Enjoy.

Huge thanks as ever for notes and images courtesy of the the great Wikipedia.

Oops nearly forgot - I have friends for lunch today - cooking an all time favourite La Parmigiana di Melanzane. While I think about it  here are two of my favourite Italian words : carciofi and albicocca. 

Thursday, March 24, 2011

William Morris, Robert Koch & Steve McQueen

I read a fabulous description by Thomasina Miers on Twitter the other day about a lunch she had recently enjoyed - home made salt beef, mustard, cholla bread, cabbage, salad. Yes I am on Twitter - very recently, tweeting away with Piers Morgan, Sarah Brown and Justin Bieber.....Actually it's great, I follow the National Geographic amongst many others and the images, delivered several times a day, are a joy. Anyway @thomasinamiers has got me started on the salt beef thing. I'm researching how to do it and plan to have a go this weekend. I will report back.

Where was I , oh yes, today, March the 24th.

William Morris was born on March the 24th 1834. Again I am going a little off piste with the images, sorry. I absolutely adore this painting of his wife Jane by Rossetti. I got stuck choosing images for Morris there are so many exquisite ones; here he is with Edward Burne-Jones:

These from the V & A.

The microbiologist Robert Koch announced on this day in 1882 that he had discovered the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. Working with his assistant Julius Richard Petri, he devised techniques to isolate bacteria, leading to his discovery. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1905.

Editing as we know is a sophisticated, complex skill. Self editing more so. OK I'm talking Steve McQueen. Where to start, where to stop ? He was born on March the 24th 1930. Look :

I'm going to stop there, I am of course dumduming The Great Escape music. This is Harry.

Sorry this is not strictly meant to be here - the phenomenal Elizabeth Taylor died yesterday. I  remember seeing Cat on a Hot Tin Roof; I'm not sure a film, or an actors performance in a film has ever made a greater impression on me.

Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel, Houdini - real name Erik Weisz and Dario Fo were also born on March the 24th - 1820, 1874 and 1926.

The Feast day today is Saint Aldemar, 'The Wise.'

I have Cat On a Hot Tin Roof accents in my head, Turtle Cake anyone ?

I received several emails this week from friends urging me to have a look at this terrific blog - the writer runs a weekly 'theme' encouraging others to share their photos. The theme this week is education - my children are still quite young yet old enough to enjoy these posts; however I have numerous friends with older children - some in the 'off to find their independence teenage' years - quite a few miserable and tested to the limit at school. I get daily, sometimes hourly emails or texts from them with ideas and input for March 17th, it's utterly fabulous. Also after years of moaning about how rubbish I am with a camera I start a photography course with a friend in April. Uh oh.

Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Captain Kidd, Patrick Henry & The Woolwich Ferry

I am really enjoying this day by day research thing. Yes other things aren't getting finished quite as quickly as they should but my children are having fun, particularly when we need to choose a mad scientist image...Anyway. Scrolling through birthdays got me thinking about books I have read, loved loved loved and want to reread. Then I got to thinking that it might be a good thing to read  stuff that I have either glanced at or not read at all. I had lunch the other day with a friend who is a book reviewer, she gave me two top tips which are now on my Book Blub reading list thing that I just started - my friend said blub /club is her default typo, mine is bron /born. Choices for far:  The Black Prince by Iris Murdoch and Childhood Roots of Adult Happiness by Dr. Ned Halllowell. I'll report in with my progress.

Right. March the 23rd.

Captain William Kidd was born on March the 23rd 1645. There is a full complement of information on him, it makes very intriguing reading ! It seems he was either a villainous pirate - he was tried and executed for precisely that, or falsely accused, spending his time at sea as a privateer. I've pulled out some of the more obscure details, if you're interested his story makes fascinating reading and has gone on to influence many writers - including Edgar Allen Poe and Robert Louis Stevenson.

Following his trial for execution, his body was gibbeted - I'll let you look that up, and placed hanging in an iron cage over the River Thames - an exercise intended to deter others from taking the course of piracy as a career option. Many years before Dickens put quill to paper, Kidd's associates on ship were amongst others Barleycorn, Loffe and Parrot and his lawyers were Dr Oldish and Mr. Lemon.

I've been to a birthday party at the Captain Kidd pub near Execution Dock, very atmospheric on a cold winter evening...Have a look here for his Trial announcement. This engraving, which is not Kidd, dates from circa 1725.

A complete digression but I was researching something on Dickens and I came across this - I have to have one, Dickens that is and perhaps the Deluxe Librarian too.

On March the 23rd 1775, addressing the Virgina Convention, Patrick Henry is reported to have delivered his memorable 'Give me Liberty, or give me Death.' Delegates included Thomas Jefferson and George Washington.

The Free Woolwich Ferry was officially opened on  this day in 1899. I include it here as it was the brainchild of one of my tip top heroes Joseph Bazalgette.

Joan Crawford, Roger Bannister and Donald Campbell share today as a birthday, 1908, 1921 and 1929 respectively.

On March the 23rd 1989 Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons presented their work on Cold Fusion.

Right, the Saint with a Feast Day today is among others Saint Ethelwald.

I'm not sure Captain Kidd or Patrick Henry would have gone for this, lunch today is a very simple yet superb spicy tomato and lentil soup and yes I love lentils.

Ps. Steve McQueen's birthday tomorrow....

Tuesday, March 22, 2011

Gutenberg, Van Dyck, Chlorophyll and the Lumiere Brothers

The jammy dodgers were a measured success - recipe OK, jam in the right place. They were however Halloween dodgers, we are packing to move and the only cutters I could find were a pumpkin and a bat. Anyway, March the 22nd.

I have had a good look around and various sources say that the Gutenberg Bible, the first book printed using movable type, was produced on March the 22nd 1457. It is unclear, to me anyway at this stage , if the date is absolutely correct but it makes hugely interesting reading ! Twenty-one complete copies of the Bible survive and the last public sale was in 1978.

The great Flemish artist Anthony van Dyck was born on March the 22nd 1599.

March the 22nd 1788 saw the birth, in Paris, of the pharmacist and chemist Pierre Joseph Pelletier. Working with his colleague Joseph Blenaime, his study of alkaloids led to the discovery of strychnine, quinine and along with Runge who had identified it, caffeine. They would also isolate and identify chlorophyll. Clearly as a result of having it drummed into my head along with my Latin declensions I can still remember the equation for photosynthesis. Who knows when it may come in handy.

It's dark outside and I was quite interested to read the actual effect of caffeine, in moderation of course. Experiments show that it has an adverse effect on spiders, take a look:

The American physicist Robert Millikan was born on March the 22nd 1868. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1923 for his work on the charge of electrons, devising the oil drop experiment.

Auguste and Louis Lumiere would on March the 22nd 1895 in Paris, invite an audience to view the first public screening of a film. Great surname considering what they would go on to do. 

Also with birthdays today we have Chico ( Leonard ) Marx - 1887, Marcel Marceau - 1923 and Andrew Lloyd Webber, born in 1948. Oddly I have a mild phobia of mime, clown things and musical theatre. 

On March the 22nd 1935 Persia was formally to be renamed Iran; I found this little article interesting. Right up there with signatures I am developing a real thing for old maps:

The Feast day today is Saint Paul of Narbonne among others.

My feast for today is carrying on the Spring theme I supoose, a very easy and delicious artichoke salad. While Spring is in the air, have a look here.

Monday, March 21, 2011

Henry V, Bach, Fourier and Alcatraz

I am getting seriously very very good at my little game "How many different ways can you faff about doing other things before sitting down to write..?" I've even come up with  a new linguistic tangent - creating adjectives. I recently described a fairly gruesome dinner I was kind of obliged to go to  as 'a bit Richard Curtis.' Anyway. March the 21st.

1413. March the 21st Henry V became King of England. He is immortalised in the eponymous Shakespeare play and  remembered for the triumphant victory at the Battle of Agincourt.

Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March the 21st 1685 in Eisenach, Germany, the youngest child of a musical family. Orphaned at the age of ten he went to live with his older brother, winning a scholarship to St Michael's School in Luneberg. Isn't this fabulous:

On this day in 1713 Francis Lewis was born in Wales. He attended Westminster School before re-locating to New York. As a representative of the city he would sign the Declaration of  Independence in 1778. My odd thing for signatures is  gaining pace but in this case it's quite relevant ! Here is his :

The French mathematician and physicist Jean Baptiste Fourier was born on this day in 1768. Known for Fourier's Law - he is attributed as having discovered in the 1820s the Greenhouse Effect.

Nathaniel Woodard, an English clergyman and educationalist, was born on March the 21st 1811. He founded eleven schools and his work is promoted to this day through the Woodard Corporation. I have certainly spent time creating my own school - in my head that is. You know, they start around 9.30, no homework, learn for the pleasure of learning not to get through endless tests, stop for a really good, nutritious lunch,  anyway, I digress -  again.

Charles Lindbergh was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honour on March the 21st 1928 in recognition of his first transatlantic flight.

The United States Federal prison at Alcatraz was closed on this day in 1963. The island had been named in 1775 'La Isla de los Alcatraces' - the Island of the Pelicans.

Today is the Feast Day of St Serapion the Scholastic, among others.

I have a house full of beautifully scented hyacinths, we saw the sun this weekend, I have also bought loads of daffodils  - in other words, we are with any luck emerging into Spring ! I don't actually know why but Soupe au Pistou always seems Spring like to me and it's on my menu today.

As ever, thanks to the marvels of Wikipedia.

Sunday, March 20, 2011

Ovid, Ibsen and Uncle Tom's Cabin

On this day in 43BC Publius Ovidius Naso, known as  Ovid was born to a wealthy family in the Apennine valley, east of Rome. Along with Virgil and Horace he is seen as one of the great figures of Latin literature. Ovid wrote in some detail about his life and contemporary times and his work is a comprehensive source of classical mythology - influencing Chaucer, Shakespeare and Dante. Here is a frontispiece to the wonderful Metamorphoses.

On March the 20th 1616 Sir Walter Raleigh was released from the Tower of London following a  long imprisonment for his supposed involvement in a plot against King James. He was freed so that he could embark on an expedition to Venezuela. I found this lovely portrait by Millais, titled  'The Boyhood of Raleigh' :

Indulging my newly acquired interest in historical signatures, here is Raleigh's:

The great Norwegian playwright  Henrik Ibsen, considered to be one of the founders of Modernism in the theatre was born on this day in 1828. Here is an excerpt from a letter by Ibsen to his translator Edmund Gosse :

Harriet Beecher Stowe's magnificent work Uncle Tom's Cabin was published on March the 20th 1852. I love the reported quotation from Abraham Lincoln on meeting the author : 'So this is the little lady who wrote the book that made this  great war.' 

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Cuthbert.

We were absolutely amazed to see the beautiful moon last night, even here in London. There are some amazing images on line, I won't copy one of my amateur ones !

There is absolutely no credible reason for this but my children fancy having a go at making jammy dodgers - wish us luck.

Saturday, March 19, 2011

'Dr. Livingstone, I Presume..?' and Sfinci

The missionary and explorer David Livingstone was born on  this day in 1813 in Lanarkshire.  For some six years whilst in Africa all contact with him was lost. In 1869 the New York Herald newspaper sent Henry Morton Stanley to find him; on doing so, he is reported to have announced the now infamous 'Dr. Livingstone, I presume ?' Here is an illustration from the 1872 Illustrated London News. I have also included a link to a rather lovely portrait in the National Portrait Gallery.

On March the 19th 1883 the chemist Sir Norman ( Walter ) Haworth was born in Worcestershire. He became known for his research into the properties of carbohydrates and ascorbic acid - vitamin c, and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1937.

On this day in 1900 the chemist Frederic Joliot-Curie was born in Paris. He was married to Irene Curie, - the daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie. They would jointly be awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935.

The Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened on March the 19th 1932.

On March the 19th 1965 Rembrandt's Titus sold for a record $7,770,000. Here is a self-portrait:

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Joseph or San Giuseppe, widely celebrated throughout Southern Italy. These marvellously named sfinci it would seem are the order of the day. I'm going to have a go.

Friday, March 18, 2011

Wilfred Owen, John Updike, Luc Besson and a Spacewalk

Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII, was born on March the 18th 1496. I  had several links to choose from, but was particularly taken with the Catherine Howard jewellery so went for this one. I've also included another link to the Mary Rose, said to have been named after her.

On this day in 1766 Britain repealed the enormously unpopular Stamp Act.

The poet and critic Stephane ( Etienne ) Mallarme was born on March the 18th 1842. With Paul Verlaine, Mallarme was a founder of the Symbolist movement. His work inspired musical pieces by Debussy and Ravel amongst others. In 1875 Mallarme translated Edgar Allen Poe's The Raven, the work was illustrated by Edouard Manet. Here is a beautiful portrait of Mallarme by Manet:

Neville Chamberlain, the future Prime Minister, was born on this day in 1869.

March the 18th 1891 saw the opening of the London-Paris telephone system.

The poet and soldier Wilfred Owen was born on this day in 1893. He was killed in combat one week before the end of the war on November the 4th 1918, aged 25. His mother received the news of his death on Armistice Day. I am including a link to an article by Jeremy Paxman I very much enjoyed. Also here is a link to one of his best known poems in draft, Dulce et Decorum Est, part of the British Library Collection.

Sharing a birthday today too is John Updike, he was born in 1932.

The film director Luc Besson also has a birthday today - he was born in Paris in 1959. I have lost count of the amount of times I watched Le Grand Bleu at university.

On March the 18th 1965 Aleksei Leonov, the Soviet Cosmonaut, made history with the first EVA or Spacewalk.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Salvatore of Horta ( d. 1567 ).

There is a scene in Le Grand Bleu where they eat huge bowls of pasta on a terrace by the sea, it always makes me ravenously hungry. I had something along these lines Linguine alla Mollica in Sicily a while ago, it is just fabulous.

Thursday, March 17, 2011

March 17th - Yippee ! Commodus, Kate Greenaway & Nureyev

Upon the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180, Commodus would become Emperor and rule Rome alone. I know it wasn't his finest hour in the movie Gladiator but I just love that film. Love it.

So here we are - Saint Patrick's Day. He is the Patron Saint of Ireland and March the 17th is celebrated as it is the anniversary of his death in Downpatrick, Ireland. I was interested to discover via the Wikipedia link that two letters written by him survive giving us an account, in part, of  his life.

James IV of Scotland was born on March the 17th 1473.

In 1845, Stephen Perry would receive his patent for the rubber band on March the 17th.

The children's writer and illustrator Kate Greenaway was born on St. Patrick's Day 1846. She studied at what is now the Royal College of Art, which at the time had a separate section for women. Here is an example of her beautiful work:

Lawrence ( known as Titus ) Oates was born on this day in 1880. He would walk to his death in a blizzard on March the 16th 1912. This lovely painting - A Very Gallant Gentleman by John Charles Dollman.

In 1901 on the 17th of March an exhibition was held at the Galeries Bernheim Jeune, in Paris, of Van Gogh's work, some eleven years after his death. It was huge success.

Rudolf Nureyev too shares this birthday -  he was born in 1938.

On March the 17th 1958 NASA launched the Vanguard 1. It is the second US satellite and the first to be solar powered. It has the distinction of being the oldest man-made object in space and it is still orbits the earth today, although communication is lost.

London Bridge was opened on March the 17th 1973 by the Queen. The Bridge connects the City of London to Southwark - a bridge has stood on or near this site since the Roman occupation.

I think we have covered the Feast Day for today - enjoy !

A quick search online produced numerous  Saint Patrick's Day recipes - I'm going to have a go at Dublin Coddle

Wednesday, March 16, 2011

'I am just going outside and may be some time....'

Upon the death of his great uncle Tiberius at the age of 78, Caligula became Emperor of Rome on this day in AD 37.

Caroline Herschel, the astronomer and sister of William, was born on March the 16th 1750. She worked closely alongside her brother and the C.Herschel crater on the moon is named after her. She, along with Mary Somerville, was one of the first women to be made Honorary Members of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1835.

On this day in 1802 President Thomas Jefferson signed a measure authorising the creation of of the United States Military Academy at West  Point.   

This day in 1850 saw the publication of Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter.

On March the 16th 1867 Joseph Lister the physician and medical pioneer, would publish his study Antiseptic Principle of the Practices of Surgery. Infection was the primary post surgical cause of death and Lister, having used carbolic soap ( phenol ) in the practice of sterile surgery, revolutionised surgical practice.

On their return journey from the South Pole, it was on March 16th 1912 that, as Captain Scott writes, Lawrence Oates, known as Titus, said to his camp 'I am just going outside and may be some time.' He was born on March the 17th 1880.

On March the 16th 1926 the American physicist and inventor Robert Goddard would launch the first liquid fuelled rocket in Massachusetts.

Bernando Bertolucci celebrates a birthday today, he was born in 1940. 

On this day in 1976 the Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigns. 

Today is the Feast Day, amongst others, of Saint Abban.

I can think of no particularly valid link here but I spent the summer perfecting risotto and have numerous requests for asparagus risotto for supper. Highly recommended. 

Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Caesar, Columbus, Taylor & Burton

March the 15th is generally considered to be the Ides of March ( latin Idus Martii ). Thought to follow the course of the full moon in the Roman Calendar, the date is the 15th for some months and the 13th for others. Julius Caesar was assassinated on this day in 44BC by among others, Brutus and Cassius.

Christopher Columbus returned to Spain on March the 15th 1493, concluding his voyage to the New World.

Charles II issued the Royal Declaration of Indulgence on this day in 1672.

On March the 15th 1824 Jules Chevalier was born in Richelieu, France. Originally apprenticed as a shoemaker as his parents could not afford to send him to the seminary, he would go on to found the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart.

On this day in 1877 the first Test match was played between England and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

Charles Rolls and Henry Royce decided that cars designed and made by them would bear their name. Rolls Royce was Incorporated on March the 15th 1906.

The American Legion was formed in Paris on this day in 1919.

Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton were married on March the 15th in 1964.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Lucretia of Cordoba.

I had fun looking up food in Ancient Rome  - door mice and peacocks included.

Monday, March 14, 2011

Einstein, Sylvia Beach & 'I only told you to.....'

On March the 14th 1489, the Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sold her kingdom to Venice.

In 1794 the inventor Eli Whitney was granted the patent for his cotton gin. Here is an original illustration of the patent:

Albert Einstein was born on this day in 1879 in Ulm, Germany. He would publish his Theory of Relativity in 1905 and later in 1915 his paper on General Relativity. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.

I'm developing a rather odd interest in signatures, here is Einstein's:

Also born on this day in 1887 was one Nancy Woodbridge Beach who came to be known as Sylvia. She went on to found the bookshop Shakespeare & Company in Paris in 1919. The shop would acquire a strong literary following and a degree of fame following the publication in 1922 of James Joyce's Ulysses.

On March the 14th 1933 Maurice Joseph Micklewhite was born in Southwark, London. He would go onto enjoy huge commercial and critical success as we know him - Michael Caine.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Boniface of Ross.

On a recent trip to Paris we had the most sensational dish of hot smoked salmon with aubergine. I've included a similar recipe here : smoked salmon with aubergine.

Saturday, March 12, 2011

William Buckland, Carnegie's Donation and Jack Kerouac

The geologist and palaeontologist William Buckland was born on March the 12th 1784. He was the first to identify and later produce the first full account of a fossil dinosaur, naming it Megalosaurus.

On March the 12th 1789 the first United States Post Office was established.

The  chemist William Henry Perkin was born on this day in 1838. He discovered the first aniline dye, mauveine.

The celebrated dancer Vaslav Nijinsky was born on this day in 1890.

Coca Cola was first sold in bottles on March the 12th 1894 in Vicksburg, Mississippi.

On this day in 1901 Andrew Carnegie donated 5.2 million dollars to the city of New York to fund the building of sixty-five libraries.

March the 12th 1912 saw the founding of the US Girl Scouts ( then Girl Guides ) in Savannah, Georgia.

Jack Kerouac was born on this day in 1922.

The playwright Edward Albee shares this birthday - he was born in 1928.

On this day in 1994 the Church of England ordained thirty two female priests in Bristol Cathedral.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Alphege.

The beautiful Watteau drawings are on display at The Royal Academy 

Friday, March 11, 2011

Frankenstein, Henry Tate and Campbell's Bluebird

According to various sources I have come across online a certain Romeo and Juliet ( the real ones it seems ) may well have been married on this day in 1302 in Citadella,  Italy.

The Dutch printer and publisher Isaac Elsevier was born on March the 11th 1596. He was one of the  first to use a printing press;  the modern Elsevier brand was founded in 1880.

The Daily Courant, England's first daily newspaper, was published today in 1702. It consisted of a single page with two columns and was produced from rooms above The White Hart pub in Fleet Street.

This day in 1818 saw the publication of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.

Henry Tate, the sugar magnate and philanthropist, was born on this day in 1819. He would give his name, fortune and collection of Victorian art to the National Gallery of British Art, now known as the Tate Gallery. The gallery was opened on July the 21st 1897 on the site of the old Millbank Prison.

On March 11th 1885 Sir Malcolm Campbell  was born. An English racing motorist and journalist, he would go on to break the land speed record nine times.  He raced in his famous Blue Bird - named after the play then showing at the Haymarket Theatre.

The children's author Ezra Jack Keats was born on March the 11th 1916. Known for his strong use of colours and graphics, he was awarded The Caldecott Medal in 1963 for  his lovely book The Snowy Day. 

Rather marvellously, I think the Save the Redwoods League was founded on this day in  1918.

Today is the Feast day amongst other of Saint Eulogius of Cordoba. He was a prominent priest in Spain and wrote The Memorial of the Saints.

With a very vague Italian link and due to the fact that the children asked for it this yesterday, today I am making risotto with asparagus.

Thursday, March 10, 2011

'Mr Watson, come here, I want to see you.'

In, 1629, King Charles I dissolved Parliament and undertook sole rule which would last for a period of eleven years.

Jeremiah Benjamin Richter, the German chemist, was born on this day in 1762.

The artist William Etty would celebrate a birthday today, he was born in  1787.

The first Census was carried out on March the 10th  1801.

The artist William Etty would celebrate a birthday today, he was born in  1787.

On March the 10th 1831 King Louis Philippe established the French Foreign Legion in order to help protect and expand the French Colonial Empire.

Alexander III of Russia was born in this day  in 1845.

As the title suggests, Alexander Graham Bell was to make the first successful telephone call on March 1he 10th 1876. He said to his assistant "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.'

On March the 10th  1914 the Canadian suffragette Mary Richardson smuggled a 'chopper'  into the National Gallery and slashed the Rokeby Venus in protest at the arrest the previous day of   Emmeline Pankhurst. Here it is:

Here I quote Mary Richardson ( source , as ever, thanks Wikipedia ).

"I have tried to destroy the picture of the most beautiful woman in mythological history as a protest against the Government for destroying Mrs Pankhurst, who is the most beautiful character in modern history. Justice is an element of beauty as much as colour and outline on canvas. Mrs Pankhurst seeks to procure justice for womanhood, and for this she is being slowly murdered by a Government of Iscariot politicians. If there is an outcry against my deed, let every one remember that such an outcry is an hypocrisy so long as they allow the destruction of Mrs Pankhurst and other beautiful living women, and that until the public cease to countenance human destruction the stones cast against me for the destruction of this picture are each an evidence against them of artistic as well as moral and political humbug and hypocrisy."[3]

On this day in 1977 the Rings of Uranus were discovered. William Herschel had  reported an observation of rings on Uranus some two hundred years earlier. Have a look here for more: Uranus.

Today is the Feast Day of Saint Simplicius. Born in Tivoli he became Pope of Rome from 468 to 483.

I have friends for lunch today and looking at the beautiful Velazquez gave me the  idea of  Tapas